Chemical corrosion of metals is one of the main and costly issues in large industries, especially oil, gas, refinery, power, water, and waste industries. Fuel transportation and distribution pipes, water transportation and distribution pipes, docks, condensers, utility poles, ships, fuel storage tanks, and other structures that are buried or floating in electrolytes, corrode depending on the metallurgy and their structure. Overtime time, this can disrupt a system or an active procedure, which results in many irrecoverable damages and costs.
Because of that, there has been vast scientific research on the matter and scientific methods for preventing chemical corrosion in metals have been designed and developed. There has been also a large amount of research on preventing corrosion in pipes buried in the ground, storage tanks, and underground tanks.